What is Anxiety?

Everyone feels anxious from time to time. Stressful situations such as meeting tight deadlines or important social obligations often make us nervous or fearful. Experiencing mild anxiety may help a person to become more alert and focused on facing challenging or threatening circumstances.

But individuals who experience extreme fear and worry that does not subside may be suffering from an anxiety disorder. The frequency and intensity of anxiety can be overwhelming and interfere with daily functioning. Fortunately the majority of people with an anxiety disorder improved considerably by getting effective psychological treatment. Some symptoms of anxiety may include, heart palpitations, shortness of breath,feeling extreme fear, insomnia, nausea, trembling, and dizziness. Although they may begin at any time, anxiety disorders often surface in adolescence or early adulthood. There’s also some evidence that anxiety disorders run in families. If left untreated, anxiety disorders can have severe consequences. For example, some people who suffer from recurrent panic attacks avoid any situation that they fear may trigger an attack. Such avoidance behavior may create problems such as conflicting with job requirements or family obligations.

Research has shown that most cases of anxiety can be treated successfully by a licensed psychologist or other licensed mental health professional. According to research, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can be highly effective in treating anxiety disorders. Behavioral therapy involves using techniques to reduce or stop undesirable behaviors associated with these disorders. For example, one approach involves training patients to use relaxation and deep breathing techniques to counteract agitation and rapid, shallow breathing that company certain anxiety disorders.